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Kazakhstan

Nomads of the Steppe

Top Experiences in Kazakhstan

Top Sights in Kazakhstan

Kolsay lakes

There are 3 mountain's lakes which are strung along the Kolsay river. The source of the river Kolsay start from the South at the border between Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, in the Kungey Alatoo range :

  • The lower lake is about 1 km long, 400 meters wide, and 80 meters in depth. It is accessible by road and has guest-houses and campsites. (altitude: 1818 meters). 
  • The middle Kolsay Lake (Mynzholky - meaning "1000 years old"). Five kilometers upstream from the lower lake, the middle lake is the largest of the three, and reaches a depth of 50 meters. (altitude: 2,252 meters). It is considered the most scenic of the three Kolsay Lakes. In one day, you can hike from the lower lake to the middle lake and back. 
  • The upper lake is situated six kilometers above the middle lake, the upper lake is surrounded by spruce trees and alpine meadows. It is 6 km from the Sary-Bulak pass and Kyrgyzstan. (altitude: 2,850 meters). Today the access to the upper lake is restricted and you need a special permit.

All glacial lakes of the region are located at altitudes of 3200–3500 m closer to the central part of the Kungei Alatau range. Most of these lakes are not stable, the water level often change, appear and disappear. You may have in mind that in the hot summer months, the moraine dams of these lakes sometimes break through and form mudslides, which are dangerous for tourists. The main causes of mudflows are torrential rains, slipping of glaciers and moraines into moraine lakes, breakthrough of natural dams created by avalanches or debris on rivers.

In order to protect this unique environment, the State National Natural Park "Kolsay Lakes" was established in 2007.

Khan Shatyr

"Khan Shatyr" (as some mistakenly believe, translated from Kazakh into Russian "Khan's tent", but in fact this is a phrase from the series "Tsar Bell", "Tsar Cannon", that is, Khan Shatyr - "Khan among tents ") Is a large shopping and entertainment center in the capital of Kazakhstan, Nur-Sultan. Opened July 6, 2010. It is the largest tent in the world. "Khan Shatyr" entered the Guinness Book of Records

The total area of ​​Khan Shatyr is 127 thousand square meters. The premises are home to retail and entertainment complexes. Including a supermarket, a family park, cafes and restaurants, cinemas, gyms, a water park with an artificial beach and wave pools, service and office space, parking for 700 cars and much more. The main highlight of Khan Shatyr is a beach resort with a tropical climate, plants and a temperature of +35 degrees all year round. The sandy beaches of the resort are equipped with a heating system, which gives the feeling of a real beach, and the sand is brought from the Maldives.

The architect of the building is Norman Foster.

The building is a giant 150 m high tent (spire) constructed from a network of steel cables on which a transparent ETFE polymer coating is fixed. Due to its special chemical composition, it protects the inner space of the complex from sudden temperature changes and creates a comfortable microclimate inside the complex.

Khan Shatyr entered the top ten world eco-buildings according to Forbes Style magazine, becoming the only building from all over the CIS, which the magazine considered possible to include in its list.

Source: Wikipedia

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