Nomads of the Steppe
Nomads of the Steppe
There are 3 mountain's lakes which are strung along the Kolsay river. The source of the river Kolsay start from the South at the border between Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, in the Kungey Alatoo range :
All glacial lakes of the region are located at altitudes of 3200–3500 m closer to the central part of the Kungei Alatau range. Most of these lakes are not stable, the water level often change, appear and disappear. You may have in mind that in the hot summer months, the moraine dams of these lakes sometimes break through and form mudslides, which are dangerous for tourists. The main causes of mudflows are torrential rains, slipping of glaciers and moraines into moraine lakes, breakthrough of natural dams created by avalanches or debris on rivers.
In order to protect this unique environment, the State National Natural Park "Kolsay Lakes" was established in 2007.
Since its foundation by the kingdom of Kokand in 1820 and until its capture by the Russian troops in 1852, the fort was called Ak-Mechet (Ak-Meshit). Thus, the Count Vassili Perovski and General of the cavalry of Emperor Alexander II, took control of the southern borders of the Empire and dominated the khanate of Kokand. Fort Perovski takes its name in 1862, then Perovski city until 1925, when it will be named Kyzylorda (Kyzyl Orda in Kazakh means the red capital).
Kyzylorda today has nearly 300,000 inhabitants. You can visit the regional music theater and the theater named after N. Bekezhanova, the local history museum, the city's culture house named after Askar Tokmagambetov, the Saint Kazan church built in 1896 , the "Akmeshit" and Aitbay mosques built in 1878.
The monuments of interest are dedicated to Zhalantos Bahadir (Emir of Samarkand), the batyr of Koblandy, the batyr of Bukharbai, Batyrkhan Shukenov and Korkyt-Ata.
You can still see the railway station built in 1905 and the dam in 1956.
The actual international airport (KZO) is located 12,5 km southeast of Kyzylorda and was open in 1988. The former airport built in 1920 was located where is the actual main bus station.
Today these air companies operate from Kyzylorda airport : Air Astana (to Almaty and Nur-Sultan); Bek Air (to Nur-Sultan); FlyArystan (to Karaganda); SCAT (to Karaganda); Aeroflot (to Moscou-Sheremetyevo)
On the territory of Kazakhstan there is a famous archaeological complex Tanbaly. In 2003, an open-air museum was created at this place. The tract with petroglyphs is located 170 km north-west of the city of Almaty, in the Anrakai Mountains. In the 50s, an expedition of archeologists discovered petroglyphs in these places, most of which belong to the Bronze Age: among images of animals, hunting scenes, mysterious sun-headed creatures can be found, which once again confirms the sacredness of this place. In addition to petroglyphs, ancient altars, places for sacrifices, ancient burials and burial mounds were discovered. The Tanbaly gorge is not only a heritage of Kazakhstan, but also of the whole Central Asia, and since 2004 it has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
"Khan Shatyr" (as some mistakenly believe, translated from Kazakh into Russian "Khan's tent", but in fact this is a phrase from the series "Tsar Bell", "Tsar Cannon", that is, Khan Shatyr - "Khan among tents ") Is a large shopping and entertainment center in the capital of Kazakhstan, Nur-Sultan. Opened July 6, 2010. It is the largest tent in the world. "Khan Shatyr" entered the Guinness Book of Records
The total area of Khan Shatyr is 127 thousand square meters. The premises are home to retail and entertainment complexes. Including a supermarket, a family park, cafes and restaurants, cinemas, gyms, a water park with an artificial beach and wave pools, service and office space, parking for 700 cars and much more. The main highlight of Khan Shatyr is a beach resort with a tropical climate, plants and a temperature of +35 degrees all year round. The sandy beaches of the resort are equipped with a heating system, which gives the feeling of a real beach, and the sand is brought from the Maldives.
The architect of the building is Norman Foster.
The building is a giant 150 m high tent (spire) constructed from a network of steel cables on which a transparent ETFE polymer coating is fixed. Due to its special chemical composition, it protects the inner space of the complex from sudden temperature changes and creates a comfortable microclimate inside the complex.
Khan Shatyr entered the top ten world eco-buildings according to Forbes Style magazine, becoming the only building from all over the CIS, which the magazine considered possible to include in its list.
City of Turkestan, situated in the midst of the arid steppes of Kazakhstan's extreme south. The first ancient settlement on the territory of modern Turkestan emerged at the beginning of the 6th century BC. The city with 1500 years of history is now one of the most important centers of pilgrimage in the Central Asia.