Nomads of the Steppe
Nomads of the Steppe
Zharkent is a small town of about 40'000 inhabitants, mostly Uyghurs (53%) and Kazakhs (38%) situated around 30 km from the Chinese border on the road Almaty-Horgos A353.
Zharkent's history dates back centuries. Formerly, the city was one of the fortified points of the Great Silk Road, as evidenced by archaeological finds. Historians claim that it was in these regions that the battles of the Dzungars with the Kazakhs took place.
In 1881, General Kuropatkin was instructed to find a place to establish a Russian county center in this region. Thus, on the site of the ancient Uyghur villages appeared Jarkent, which acquired city status in 1892. The city was inhabited mainly by Cossacks, who guarded the eastern borders of Russia against a neighbor of the Middle Empire, and the Uyghurs were the first "shuttle merchants".
From 1942 to 1991 the city was named Panfilov, and in 1991 it was renamed Zharkent again.
Sights to visit are the old mosque and the old church, the Military museum and the Art Gallery Abylhana Kasteeva.
Almaty - one of the major cities of Kazakhstan, located in the southeast of the Republic of Kazakhstan, in the foothills of Zailiyskiy Alatau; the city's population is about 1.5 million inhabitants.Although Almaty is not anymore capital of the republic, the city is still the financial, economic and cultural center of Central Asia.
Picturesque mountains are the hallmark of Almaty. You can enjoy views of the cable car climbing to the highest point of the city of Kok-Tobe ("Blue Mountain"), located at an altitude of 1,130 meters above sea level. From this summit offers a magnificent view of the mountains and the city. It is especially beautiful at night when the city is illuminated with colored lights.
Two big rivers - the Big and Small Almaty flow down from the mountains and provide the city with fresh water reservoirs and fountains fill the coolness and freshness.
Saty is a small village in the Shilik valley, 60km from Charyn Canyon. The village is situated at the foot of Kaindy lake and Kolsay lakes, on the south side of the Kungey Alatoo mountain range marking the border between Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. The region is also wellknown by archeolog because of numerous Scythian's tombs. The local CBT ecotourism association offer different lodges in the village.