Nomads of the Steppe
Nomads of the Steppe
City of Turkestan, situated in the midst of the arid steppes of Kazakhstan's extreme south. The first ancient settlement on the territory of modern Turkestan emerged at the beginning of the 6th century BC. The city with 1500 years of history is now one of the most important centers of pilgrimage in the Central Asia.
Kaindy Lake is located on the northern slope of the Kungei Ala-Too mountain range at an altitude of 1867 meters above sea level among a dense coniferous forest, which culminates at 2900 m. alt.. The top of the valley rises to nearly 3400 meters and marks the border with Kyrgyzstan. The bottom of the valley joins the village of Saty. Kaindy Lake lies in the second valley further east than the first lake Kolsay. The length of the lake is about 440 meters, by 110 meters wide , the greatest depth of the lake is 30 meters.
Translated from the Kazakh language, Kaindy means “Birch”. This name was given to the lake because of a large birch grove planted once by people five kilometers below the lake. The current size of the lake results of the Zhalanash-Tyup earthquake on March 25, 1978, with an amplitude of about 7 points. It seems that the lake appeared for the first time after the Kemin Earthquake in 1911. The age of the Schrenk and Tyan-Shan spruces in the lake is not clear. Some trees in the water have not yet rotted, but most of the rotten trees are under water. The peculiarity of this lake are the visible dry trunks that rise above the surface of a cold lake, giving it an amazing and unique appearance.
Nur-Sultan ("the shining king"; formerly Akmoolinsk, Tselinograd, Akmola, Astana) has been the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan since December 10, 1997. At the start of 2020, its population numbered 1,136,156. in fact the second most populous city in Kazakhstan after Almaty. Nur-Sultan is located in the north of the country, on the banks of the Ishim River.
The area of the territory of the city is 797.33 km²
The territory of the modern city was previously an important crossing point for caravans. Archaeologists have found artifacts in the city that date back to the Bronze Age, the early Iron Age and the Middle Ages.
Currently, Nur-Sultan is a modern center and its growth is very rapid. The city attracts with its futuristic buildings and developed infrastructure. In 2017, the city hosted the World Expo EXPO-2017, which significantly increased the number of tourists.
Nur-Sultan International Airport is located 15 km from the city. In addition, the city has a sufficient number of modern hotels meeting European standards.
4 things to do in Nur-Sultan:
- Visit a traditional oriental bazaar in the city center. Feel the atmosphere of the Asian market, try on traditional clothes and shop for national souvenirs.
- Walk along the three-level bridge on Vodno-green Boulevard. The bridge is a huge pedestrian avenue. At the very bottom there is a parking lot, on the second level there are offices, shops, restaurants and exhibition halls, and on the third level there are excellent conditions for walking: there are a lot of fountains and sculptures.
- Visit the main tourist sites of the city: Museum of the First President, Architectural and cultural objects: "Baiterek", the Palace of Peace and Accord and the ethno-memorial complex "Map of Kazakhstan".
- Taste a national dish. There are many restaurants serving Kazakh cuisine in the capital. Be sure to try the tea with dried fruits and spices, and the national meat dish beshparmak.